Break-Even Analysis: Definition and Formula

By Thrive | Bookkeeping

Sep 20

operating income

This would make utilities a semi-Break-Even Analysis one hundred and one: How to Calculate BEP and Apply It to Your Business cost for your company. The contribution margin is how much profit you get from each unit after you subtract the variable costs required to make that unit. It helps you understand how much each additional unit will cost you to make, and how that may affect your sales revenue. If its contribution margin exceeds its fixed costs, then the company actually starts profiting from the sale of its products/services. The Break Even Point is the necessary level of output for a company’s revenue to be equal to its total costs – or said differently, the inflection point at which a company begins to generate a profit.


This can be important as it helps your business to manage its costs better and improve your financial future. This is why we’ve compiled this short guide to what the break-even point is, the formula, how to calculate it, and usage examples. Simone has researched and analyzed many products designed to help small businesses properly manage their finances, including accounting software and small business loans.

How Cutting Costs Affects the Breakeven Point

Returning to the example above, the contribution margin ratio is 40% ($40 contribution margin per item divided by $100 sale price per item). Therefore, the break-even point in sales dollars is $50,000 ($20,000 total fixed costs divided by 40%). Confirm this figured by multiplying the break-even in units by the sale price ($100), which equals $50,000. As you can imagine, the concept of the break-even point applies to every business endeavor—manufacturing, retail, and service. Because of its universal applicability, it is a critical concept to managers, business owners, and accountants.

unit sales

After all, if your product isn’t profitable, your business will ultimately fail. The first example we’ll use is for creating a break-even point using the number of units sold.

How will you use the break-even analysis?

Which means, you’ll need to generate $12,500 in handbag sales to break even. Retailers have to make many guesses when deciding whether to add a product line or open a location.

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